The Pomeranian is a small dog breed from the Pomeranian region of Europe, known for its compact size, fluffy double coat, bright expression, and lively character. This spitz-like breed is very energetic, and intelligent, and often has a confident and curious demeanor, making them popular as companion dogs. Pomeranians come in a variety of colors and patterns though it require regular grooming to maintain their luxurious coat. Although they are loving and loyal pets, their small size and delicate structure require careful handling and supervision, especially around children and larger animals.

They are often described as lively, and full of enthusiasm. These little dogs have a natural curiosity about the world. They are always eager to explore and interact with their surroundings. Their attentive expression, bright eyes, and ears give them a lovable and curious look. As with other breeds, early socialization of Pomeranian puppies is key!

Breed Overview


Toy (American Kennel Club)

HEIGHT 6-7 inches
WEIGHT 3-7 lbs
COAT Long Double Coat
COAT COLOR Available in many colors and combinations, although the most common are red, orange, cream, sable, black, brown, and blue
LIFE 12-16 years
TEMPERAMENT bold, lively, loving
ORIGIN  Germany and Poland

Pomeranian Personality

Pomeranians are generally happy, friendly little dogs. They don’t seem to understand that they are small and sometimes attack or at least verbally threaten large dogs!

They are active little dogs that need daily exercise, even if it’s just a walk around the block. They are quite intelligent and do well in obedience competitions despite their small independent streaks. As they get older, they are true lap dogs.

Pomeranians are often good alert and alarm dogs and can be prone to excessive barking. They generally do well with children, but children should be warned that they are small dogs and not as strong as larger breeds.

Pomeranian History

The history of the Pomeranian breed is particularly fascinating. Considered a mini-me version of the German Spitz dog, Pomeranians were gradually selectively bred to be smaller in size and more varied colors – at one time they were even an absolute favorite of Queen Victoria!

The Pomeranian breed is known to date back to the 18th century, and the ancestors of today’s Pomeranians are usually much larger and 15 pounds heavier, which is largely due to their status as working dogs rather than purely pets.

Although the breed was not originally recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC), the Pomeranian breed later became widely recognized and can regularly participate in shows and competitions.

Pomeranian Characteristics

The Pomeranian is an incredibly small and compact breed known for its fox-like face and “fluffy” appearance. Today, they are also mentioned as one of the smallest dog breeds in the world.

For their size, few dogs of this breed weigh more than 10 kilograms or 12-13 inches in height. While small deviations from these rules are considered normal, significant deviations should be evaluated by a qualified veterinarian. This is especially true of a dog’s weight, as excessive weight gain can lead to potential health problems. Listing down several characteriticks of the breed:

Small: Pomeranians are one of the smallest dog breeds, making them very portable and suitable for apartment living.

Fluffy Coats: They have luxurious double coats that come in a variety of colors and often require regular grooming to maintain their fluffy appearance.

Lively Personality: Pomeranians are known for their lively and outgoing personalities, often packing big personalities into small bodies.

Lively and Playful: They are energetic and enjoy playtime, making them great companions for active people and families.

Intelligent Dogs: Pomeranians are intelligent dogs and can learn quickly when it comes to training and tricks.

Loyal and Protective: Despite their small size, they can be devoted and alert watchdogs, barking to warn their owners of potential intruders.

Long Lifespan: With proper care, Pomeranians can live relatively long lives, often living into their teens.

Adaptable: They are versatile dogs that adapt to a variety of environments, making them a popular choice for many owners.

Pomeranian Care

Pomeranians need constant training and regular exercise to be happy and healthy dogs. Their thick coat also requires quite a bit of maintenance. In addition, owners should be careful with the Pomeranian in hot weather, as well as when it comes into contact with predators and people or other pets.

How much exercise does a Pomeranian need per day?

When it comes to general exercise needs, most experts recommend that the average Pomeranian get about 30-50 minutes of exercise per day. This can include brisk walking, playtime, and various exercises. However, due to their small size, owners are often advised to divide their exercise routine into two equal sessions (one in the morning and one in the afternoon).


In conclusion, the Pomeranian is a wonderful dog breed known for its playfulness, outstanding personality, and companionable qualities. These brave little dogs may be small, but they are big on personality and love. By understanding the needs, quirks, and responsibilities that come with owning a Pomeranian, you can ensure a happy and fulfilling life for yourself and your furry companion.


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